Want to generate Rs 60K income a month? Here are the 5 best fixed income options for retirees

With FD rates heading further south, retirees who depend on regular interest income are feeling the pain. ET Wealth lists the best investment options for one's retirement corpus. Also find out how to spread your investments to generate maximum inc...

Top 5 fixed income investments for retirement planning
The bank fixed deposit (FD) is a favourite investment option among many, especially senior citizens. That is because they are considered safe and come with fixed, regular income.

However, with FD rates heading south, retirees who depend on regular interest income would be feeling the pinch. The solution lies in spreading the retirement corpus across multiple fixed income instruments to ensure a steady cash flow.

ET Wealth lists the best investment options before them.


1. Senior Citizens’ Savings Scheme
  • What is it: Government sponsored savings instrument aimed at providing senior citizens a steady source of income
  • Who can invest: Individuals aged 60 years and above or retirees who have opted for Voluntary Retirement Scheme or superannuation in the age bracket 55-60 years
  • Who is offering: Banks, post offices
  • Tenure: 5 years (lock-in). Can be extended by further three years (only one extension allowed)
  • Interest rate: 7.4% per annum. Rates reset every quarter. Once invested, rate remains constant for entire tenure
  • Payout frequency: Quarterly
  • Taxability: Interest income fully taxable. Deduction for invested capital upto Rs 1.5 lakh under Section 80C. Subject to TDS
  • Upper investment limit: Rs 15 lakh per individual. Amount cannot exceed that received as retirement benefit
  • Premature withdrawal: Allowed after one year of opening account, subject to penalty. Penalty is 1.5% of invested amount if closed after one year; 1% if account closed after two years
  • Good to know: Investment has to be done within three months of receiving retirement benefits. You can maximise benefit by putting Rs 15 lakh each in names of both spouses (Rs 27,750 interest per person per quarter)

2. Pradhan Mantri Vaya Vandana Yojana
  • What is it: Guaranteed pension product with death benefit for retirees
  • Who can invest: Individuals aged 60 years and above
  • Who is offering: LIC
  • Tenure: 10 years (lock-in)
  • Interest rate: 7.4% per annum on monthly payout (interest rate capped at 7.75% at anytime). Rates reset annually. Once invested, rate remains constant for entire tenure
  • Payout frequency: Monthly, quarterly, half yearly or annually. Minimum monthly payout is Rs 1,000; Maximum monthly pension is Rs 9,250
  • Taxability: Pension amount fully taxable. No deduction for invested capital allowed. No TDS applicable
  • Upper investment limit: Investment amount varies as per choice of payout frequency. Maximum is Rs 15 lakh (for monthly payout)
  • Premature withdrawal: Allowed under exceptional circumstances like treatment of critical or terminal illness for self or spouse. If policyholder dies during policy term, the purchase price will be refunded to the beneficiary
  • Good to know: Pension amount remains constant; doesn’t change with age. If both husband and wife are above 60 years of age, they can jointly claim up to Rs 18,500 as monthly pension

3. RBI savings bonds
  • What is it: Floating rate bonds issued only in electronic form
  • Who can invest: All resident individuals
  • Who is offering: RBI
  • Tenure: 7 years
  • Interest rate: 7.15% per annum (0.35% above prevailing NSC rate. Rates reset every six months
  • Payout frequency: Half-yearly (1 January and 1 July)
  • Taxability: Interest income fully taxable. No deduction for invested capital allowed. Subject to TDS
  • Upper investment limit: No maximum limit. Investment can done in multiples of Rs 1,000.
  • Premature withdrawal: Allowed for specified categories of senior citizens: After 6 years for 60-70 age group, 5 years for 70-80 age group, after 4 years for those above 80 years old
  • Good to know: RBI bonds are not tradable in the secondary market and also not eligible as collateral for availing loans

4. Post Office Monthly Income Scheme
  • What is it: Small savings scheme that allows the investor to generate monthly income
  • Who can invest: All individuals aged 10 years and above
  • Who is offering: Post Office
  • Tenure: 5 years (lock-in)
  • Interest rate: 6.6% per annum. Rates reset every quarter
  • Payout frequency: Monthly
  • Taxability: Interest income fully taxable. No deduction for invested capital allowed. No TDS applicable
  • Upper investment limit: Rs 4.5 lakh per individual. Rs 9 lakh for joint account
  • Premature withdrawal: Allowed subject to penalty (2% if withdrawn within 3 years, 1% if withdrawn after 3 years)
  • Good to know: Account continues to earn interest for up to two years after account maturity if proceeds are not withdrawn by investor. The applicable rate will be the same as that of a standard post office savings account

5. Tax-free bonds
  • What is it: Fixed coupon bearing instruments issued by government-owned firms
  • Who can invest: All resident individuals
  • Who is offering: Public sector undertakings
  • Tenure: 10, 15 or 20 years (at time of issuance)
  • Interest rate: 7-9% coupon rate (effective rate lower now owing to higher market price). Interest rate remains fixed
  • Payout frequency: Annually
  • Taxability: Interest income is tax free. No deduction for invested capital allowed. No TDS applicable
  • Upper investment limit: Up to Rs 10 lakh for retail investors
  • Premature withdrawal: Can be sold on exchanges
  • Good to know: Currently only available through secondary market. Investors can substitute tax-free bonds for fixed deposits as post-tax return is much higher

How to make most of Rs 1 crore nest egg
Here is how you should spread your investments to generate a monthly income of up to Rs 60,000
incs
*For instruments that do not offer monthly income, amount adjusted to monthly basis

ADVERTISEMENT

Download
The Economic Times Business News App
for the Latest News in Business, Sensex, Stock Market Updates & More.
Download
The Economic Times News App
for Quarterly Results, Latest News in ITR, Business, Share Market, Live Sensex News & More.
READ MORE
ADVERTISEMENT

READ MORE:

LOGIN & CLAIM

50 TIMESPOINTS

More from our Partners

Loading next story
Text Size:AAA
Success
This article has been saved

*

+