Coronavirus can lead to long-term mental problems, patients may experience PTSD & delirium

Rates of depression and anxiety may also increase in Covid-19 patients.

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Few infected people also experience chronic fatigue, mood swings, sleep disorder or impaired concentration and memory.
LONDON: People taken ill by coronavirus infection may experience psychiatric problems such as delirium and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) while hospitalised and potentially even after they recover, according to a study.

The research, published in The Lancet Psychiatry journal, compiled results from short- and long-term studies of people hospitalised by coronaviruses that cause COVID-19, severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS), and Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS).

The researchers from the University College London (UCL) in the UK found that one in four people hospitalised with COVID-19 may experience delirium during their illness, a known problem among hospital patients, which can increase risk of death or extend time in hospital.


The post-recovery effects of COVID-19 are not yet known, so long-term risks such as post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), chronic fatigue, depression, and anxiety are based on SARS and MERS studies, which may or may not apply to COVID-19 as well.

"Most people with COVID-19 will not develop any mental health problems, even among those with severe cases requiring hospitalisation, but given the huge numbers of people getting sick, the global impact on mental health could be considerable," said study co-lead author Jonathan Rogers from UCL.

"Our analysis focuses on potential mental health risks of being hospitalised with a coronavirus infection, and how psychiatric conditions could worsen the prognosis or hold people back from returning to their normal lives after recovering," Rogers said.
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Say Goodbye To Work Worries: 5 Natural Methods To Beat Stress
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A recent study by Optum found that 46% of the Indian workforce reports suffering from some form of stress.

Don't let your busy and stressful worklife take a toll on you. Excessive stress can have a negative effect on your body, mood, as well as behaviour, ranging from headaches, anxiety, fatigue and irritability.

Dr Hariprasad, Ayurveda Expert at The Himalaya Drug Company, shares natural methods to cope with stress:

A recent study by Optum found that 46% of the Indian workforce reports suffering from some form of stress.Don't let your busy and stressful worklife take a toll on you. Excessive stress can have a ne..
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Your eating habits have a significant impact on stress levels. Following a balance of different foods and nutrients is essential. A diet rich in different food items such as vegetables, fruits, whole grains, dairy, fish, and poultry would help you get carbohydrates, proteins, fat, vitamins and minerals. A well-nourished body is better able to cope with the physical and emotional effects of stress.

Your eating habits have a significant impact on stress levels. Following a balance of different foods and nutrients is essential. A diet rich in different food items such as vegetables, fruits, whole..
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All forms of physical activity are useful in managing stress. Exercising has many benefits like releasing endorphins and calming the mind, which in turn help in reducing stress levels. Even 45 minutes of physical activity a day goes a long way towards managing stress.

All forms of physical activity are useful in managing stress. Exercising has many benefits like releasing endorphins and calming the mind, which in turn help in reducing stress levels. Even 45 minute..
Read More

Organising one's workload leads to a sense of control and peace of mind, and there are many ways to achieve this. One way to do this is through adopting time management, prioritising tasks, and scheduling tasks to complete them. Switching between tasks and having them pile up often becomes an additional source of stress. Decentralisation of tasks or asking for help as and when required is also a good way to reduce stress levels.

Organising one's workload leads to a sense of control and peace of mind, and there are many ways to achieve this. One way to do this is through adopting time management, prioritising tasks, and sched..
Read More

Herbs like Ashwagandha have been proven to be effective in managing the negative effects of stress. According to Ayurveda, Ashvagandha helps reduce the damaging effects of long-term stress by rejuvenating the mind and body. It is an adaptogen that helps the body stabilise physiological processes, support better resilience to stress, and maintain a healthy balance between various biological systems.

Herbs like Ashwagandha have been proven to be effective in managing the negative effects of stress. According to Ayurveda, Ashvagandha helps reduce the damaging effects of long-term stress by rejuven..
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Sleep is essential in stress management. Not getting enough sleep typically leads to irritability and fatigue. Oversleeping can make us sluggish, depressed, and puts our health at a higher risk. Getting the right amount of sleep, between 7-8 hours, is a good way to stay energised and effectively manage the challenges of the day.

(Text: IANS)

Sleep is essential in stress management. Not getting enough sleep typically leads to irritability and fatigue. Oversleeping can make us sluggish, depressed, and puts our health at a higher risk. Gett..
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The research analysed 65 peer-reviewed studies and seven recent pre-prints that are awaiting peer review, which included data from over 3,500 people who have had one of the three related illnesses.

The review only included results from people who were hospitalised, and not people with more mild cases.

The findings cover both acute symptoms during the illness, and long-term outcomes from two months to 12 years.

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Almost one in three people hospitalised with SARS or MERS went on to develop PTSD, at an average follow-up time of almost three years, especially if they had ongoing physical health problems, the researchers said.

Rates of depression and anxiety were also high, at roughly 15 per cent one year or longer after the illness, with a further 15 per cent also experiencing some symptoms of depression and anxiety without a clinical diagnosis, they said.

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The study found that over 15 per cent infected also experienced chronic fatigue, mood swings, sleep disorder or impaired concentration and memory.

In hospital, a significant minority of people with coronavirus infections experienced delirium symptoms such as confusion, agitation and altered consciousness, it found.
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Almost one in three people hospitalised with SARS or MERS went on to develop PTSD, at an average follow-up time of almost three years, especially if they had ongoing physical health problems.

Almost 28 per cent of people hospitalised for SARS and MERS experienced confusion, and early evidence from the ongoing pandemic suggests that delirium could be similarly common in COVID-19 patients, the researchers said.

They found some preliminary evidence that delirium may have been associated with raised mortality during the MERS outbreak.

"We need more research on how to prevent mental health problems in the long term," said study co-lead author Edward Chesney, from King's College London in the UK.

"One possibility might be to reduce social isolation by allowing patients to communicate with their loved ones by using video links," Chesney said.

Researchers found that worrying a lot about the illness was associated with worse mental health in the long run.

Healthcare workers had worse long-term mental health outcomes than other groups, while making a good physical recovery predicted better long-term mental health, they said.

Make Notes, Eat Healthy & Exercise Daily: 7 Ways To Fight Depression
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Stress and frustration can lead to depression, further affecting mental health.

While it is imperative to consult with a medical professional if symptoms of depression are noticed, certain modification in one's lifestyle can help in combatting mild depression. However, moderate to severe depression requires the treatment with medications.

Nevertheless lifestyle changes do help in recovering as well as preventing the condition and future episodes.

Dr Pallavi Aravind Joshi, Consultant Psychiatrist of Columbia Asia Hospital Whitefield (Bengaluru) shares 7 tips to combat depression.
Stress and frustration can lead to depression, further affecting mental health. While it is imperative to consult with a medical professional if symptoms of depression are noticed, certain modifica..
Read More
Go for a walk every day, jog, or swim. You can also join a Zumba class. Indulge in yoga or aerobics. Apart from keeping you fit and occupied, exercising can also boost mental health and infuse positivity in life by releasing feel-good hormones like endorphins, dopamine and serotonin. Exercise also channels out negative energy.
Go for a walk every day, jog, or swim. You can also join a Zumba class. Indulge in yoga or aerobics. Apart from keeping you fit and occupied, exercising can also boost mental health and infuse posit..
Read More
Eating healthy not only helps you maintain your physical health, but also aids in your mental well-being. Include a variety of fruits, vegetables, lean meats, poultry, whole grains, low-fat dairy foods and fish in your diet. Also do not forget to drink a lot of water.
Eating healthy not only helps you maintain your physical health, but also aids in your mental well-being. Include a variety of fruits, vegetables, lean meats, poultry, whole grains, low-fat dairy fo..
Read More
It is imperative to maintain a work-life balance. Try to reassess your schedule and not to bring the office work home. Design your own ways to combat work related anxiety.
It is imperative to maintain a work-life balance. Try to reassess your schedule and not to bring the office work home. Design your own ways to combat work related anxiety.
Though the consumption of alcohol, tobacco and caffeine may act as instant mood enhancer, in long term, they serve only to worsen your mental health. So try to reduce your weekly consumption.
Though the consumption of alcohol, tobacco and caffeine may act as instant mood enhancer, in long term, they serve only to worsen your mental health. So try to reduce your weekly consumption.
Depression can cause distraction, and make you forget things and thus can result in creating confusion and thereby affecting self-esteem. A great way to deal with this is keeping reminders on your phone, or jotting down key points on sticky notes.
Depression can cause distraction, and make you forget things and thus can result in creating confusion and thereby affecting self-esteem. A great way to deal with this is keeping reminders on your p..
Read More
Do not let your work stress keep you away from your family and friends. Spend time with your family. Meet your friends, go out for movies, make plans get together. Even a short phone call or text exchanges could work like magic on a stressful day.
Do not let your work stress keep you away from your family and friends. Spend time with your family. Meet your friends, go out for movies, make plans get together. Even a short phone call or text ex..
Read More
Remember it is okay to be not okay, but it is never okay to give up on yourself. Get up, dress smartly and go out in the world. Pamper yourself a little more. Make a list of the things which make you cheerful and do at least one thing every day.
Remember it is okay to be not okay, but it is never okay to give up on yourself. Get up, dress smartly and go out in the world. Pamper yourself a little more. Make a list of the things which make yo..
Read More

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